1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 

Hazaras of Afghanistan has suffered losing of more than a thousand deaths and injured during the National Unity Government (NUG) in last five years.  Almost all suicide and orchestrated attacks along with various target killing, beheading and kidnapping have been proclaimed by the Taliban and Islamic State-Khorasan Province (IS-PK).  It surpluses the blatant discrimination of Afghan government and unclear security prospect steaming from rapid reemergence of the Taliban and new anti-Hazaras radical groups such as IS-PK across the country.

As stated frequently by Hazara activists in and outside Afghanistan, immense and increasing human rights violation is not one and only Hazaras’ concern, rather the central question is Hazaras’ survival by and large. This question particularly roused public alarms for the majority of Hazaras after they changed to the main   target of around 30 suicide and orchestrated attacks by the Taliban and IS-KP in various public places such as schools, education centers, mosques, stores, and streets during demonstration and religious ceremonies only in past five years. Kidnapping, beheading, road blockage and direct massive attacks by the Taliban and IS-KP were of those horrific incidents which are never bounded to merely the NUG reign period. Although Hazaras encountered persecution and systematic discrimination in their chronicle for more than a century, however their well-founded fear was provoked once the NUG blatantly sidelined them from national economic, education, security and political decision making in various levels. Rerouting of electricity power line, higher education quota proposal and constant negligence of dozen target attacks against Hazaras were of many those examples occurred during the NUG which fascinated national and international medias’ coverage.

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ABBREVIATIONS

AIHRC Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission
ALP Afghan Local Police
ANA Afghanistan National Army
ANBP Afghanistan National Border Police
ANP Afghanistan National Police
ANSF Afghanistan National Security Forces
ANDS Afghanistan National Directorate of Security 
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation 
DFAT Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 
EU European Union 
HRW Human Rights Watch
IDE Improvised Explosive Devices
IDP Internal Displaced Person
ISAF International Security Assistance Force
IS-PK Islamic state- Khorasan Province 
MP Member of Parliament
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organizations
NUG National Unity Government 
PC Provincial Council
UNAMA United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
UNDP United Nations Development Programmes


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